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Every person going abroad should become acquainted with the information regarding protection against infectious diseases, including in particular the list of mandatory and recommended vaccinations.
This recommendation primarily refers to people who go to non-European countries, in particular to the countries of Asia, Africa and South America.
Vaccination against infectious diseases prior to traveling abroad were divided into mandatory and recommended.
Mandatory vaccinations are obligatory on the basis of the International Health Regulations WHO (International Health Regulations) and are reported in the international vaccination booklet, without which you cannot enter certain countries. In the best scenario, lack of the booklet can result in the necessity of being vaccinated at the border crossing at the airport. In the latter case, apart from the extra dose of stress and often dubious hygiene conditions associated with vaccination, its effectiveness may be limited due to the required period prior to immunization.
Vaccination should be started 6-8 weeks before departure, because immunity after vaccination appears after 2-4 weeks, and the distance between different vaccines must be at least 4 weeks. All vaccinations are chargeable.
Such diseases include, among others malaria, for which preventive treatment is applied (preventive anti-malarial drugs) and protection against bites (adequate clothing, repellents, mosquito nets, etc.). It is advisable to remember about diseases caused by microorganisms (eg. diarrhoea) against which prevention is based on proper personal(adequate, relevant) hygiene, drinking of bottled water and food put through/subject to prior thermal processing.
Compulsory vaccinations are required by the authorities of the countries of destination before traveling abroad, on the basis of the International Health Regulations (International Health Regulations - IHR) published by WHO in 2005 , as a condition of entry.
The current vaccinations are against:
• yellow fever for traveling to the following countries: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo - the former Zaire, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Guinea-Bissau, Cameroon, Congo, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Togo, Sao Tome and Principe, Cote d'Ivoire,
• Meningococcal infections for pilgrims to Mecca or Umrah in Saudi Arabia. Detailed information about vaccinations mandatory for individual countries and regions, taking into account the current epidemiological situation are published and updated on the website of the World Health Organization (WHO)